Yesil Dalyan Travel & Shipping Agency
 

Marmaris

Marmaris has a Mediterranean Climate characterized by a hot and humid summer and cool,rainy winter.Showers and rain are very unlikely between May and October.

Summers are hot and humid,temperatures can reach 42 °C (108 °F) sometimes in July and August. October is still warm and bright with spells of rain, many tourists prefer to visit at this time of year, especially in September, because the temperatures are not as hot.

Winters are very mild and frost occurance is rare. 

Winter is the rainy season, with major precipitation falling after November.The annual rainfall can reach to 1181,8 millimetres (46 in) ; the rainfall is concentrated during scattered days in winter falling in heavy cloudbursts which cause flash floods sometimes in flood prone areas.

Climate

Marmaris has a Mediterranean Climate characterized by a hot and humid summer and cool,rainy winter.Showers and rain are very unlikely between May and October.

Summers are hot and humid,temperatures can reach 42 °C (108 °F) sometimes in July and August. October is still warm and bright with spells of rain, many tourists prefer to visit at this time of year, especially in September, because the temperatures are not as hot.

Winters are very mild and frost occurance is rare. 

Winter is the rainy season, with major precipitation falling after November.The annual rainfall can reach to 1181,8 millimetres (46 in) ; the rainfall is concentrated during scattered days in winter falling in heavy cloudbursts which cause flash floods sometimes in flood prone areas.

 

History

Although it is not certain when Marmaris was founded, in the 6th century BC the city was known as Physkos, and considered part of Caria. According to the historian Herodotus, there was a castle in Marmaris since 3000 BC. During the Hellenistic Age, Caria was invaded by Alexander the Great and the castle was besieged. The 600 inhabitants of the town realised that they had no chance against the invading army and burned their valuables in the castle before escaping to the hills with their women and children.

The invaders, well aware of the strategic value of the castle, repaired the destroyed sections to house a few hundred soldiers before the main army returned home.

The next important event during the history of Marmaris was almost two thousand years later, in the mid-fifteenth century, when the Ottoman Empire began to rise after the efforts of Sultan Mehmet II, who succeeded in conquering and uniting under one banner the various tribes and kingdoms of Anatolia. Some of his greatest difficulties came from the Knights of St. John, who occupied the Dodecanese Islands.

Based in Rhodes, the Knights had fought for many years; they were able to withstand the onslaughts of Mehmet II until a succeeding and more powerful Sultan came on the scene.

Marmaris castle was rebuilt from scratch in 1522 by the Ottoman sultan Süleyman the Magnificent when he had set out for his campaign on Rhodes, for which Marmaris served as a base. Since 1979, renovation work has been continuing at the castle, in order to restore it back to original condition. Under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture, the castle was converted into a museum.

There are seven galleries, of which the largest is being used as an exhibition hall and the courtyard is decorated with seasonal flowers. Built at the same time as the castle in the bazaar, there is also a small Ottoman caravanserai built by Süleyman's mother Ay┼če Hafsa Sultan.

 
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